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Plant Care Guide >> Container Vegetable Gardening >> Brassica oleracea var. capitata (Cabbage)
Because the cabbage is suitable to most temperate climates and soils and require minimal attention, they are one of the easiest crops to grow. The cabbages can be green, red or purple, and they all have the essentially same gardening care. Their head shape can vary from round to flattened and even pointed, and the leaves can be either smooth or have a slightly crinkled texture. Cabbage is a good source for vitamins, and is also used to prevent diseases in some medications. It is great as a side dish for many meals and can be cooked in a variety of different ways. It is often tossed into salads, and it is used in many popular main dishes.
 
Common name: Cabbage
Vernacular Languages: Hindi: Bandha Gobhi; Santhali: Potom Kubi
Botanical Name: Brassica oleracea var. capitata
Family: Brassicaceae
Soil Preparation:

Cabbage will grow fine in a wide variety of soils but prefers well-drained, loam soils rich in organic matter with a pH of 6.0 and above. Sandy soil produces earlier crops but heavier soils give a later but larger yield.

Sowing:

Sow cabbage seeds 1/2" deep in a flat pot, about 8-10 seeds in a pot. Germination takes about 4-14 days. Once the seedlings are about three to four inches tall, transplant them to their final pot.

Planting:

After about 4-6 weeks, transplant the cabbage seedlings into pots, planting one seedling in a pot.

Climate:

Cabbage is a cool season crop, but it will grow in most areas or places because of its adaptability to a wide range of climate and soils.

Light:

It can be grown in full sun to light shade.

Watering:

Even watering is the key to preventing cabbages from splitting and to produce good yeilds.

Humidity:

Cabbage is a heavy user of water, so, soil moisture of 60% needs to be maintained.

Staking:

Staking is not required for the plant.

Fertilizing:

Cabbage is a heavy feeder of phosphorus and require plenty of fertilizer during the growing period. A high level of phosphorus in the soil is essential.

Pest and Problems:

Cabbage worms are the main pest threat. They don't do a great deal of damage and can be hand picked easily, if you can see them. Their coloring allows them to blend in with the cabbage.

Growth Habit:

Cabbages produces large leafy plants.

Harvesting:

Cabbages are ready for harvesting when the hearts are firm. Lift the entire plant with a fork and cut the roots off at a later stage, or, cut the stem just above the base of the lower leaves, and discard the outer leaves which are too coarse for eating.

Special Care:

No special care is required for this vegetable.

Medicinal Uses:

In earlier days, crushed cabbage leaves and clay were mixed by hand and applied to the body to ease the pain of rheumatism.

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