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Plant Care Guide >> Container Vegetable Gardening >> Raphanus sativus (Radish)
Radish is a cool-season, fast-maturing, easy-to-grow vegetable. The plant can be grown wherever there is sun and moist, fertile soil, even on the smallest city lot. Radishes spice up salads and vegetable trays. Their color adds appeal to many dishes, and makes them a very desirable garnish. Their sharp, zippy taste livens up salads, and are great with dips and dressings. Radishes are fast and easy growing.
Common name: Radish
Vernacular Languages: Hindi: Muli; Santhali: Mula
Botanical Name: Raphanus sativus
Family: Cruciferae

Radishes does best in lighter, sandy, well-drained soils. This allows for even root development and ease of washing after harvest. Radishes need a soil rich in phosphorus and potassium.


Loosen the soil to a depth of 10" before sowing radish seed . Sow 8-10 seeds in a 12" pot at a depth of ". Germination will take 4-12 days.


Thin seedlings to two inches apart in all directions. Radishes do not like to be crowded, and will not bulb properly if overcrowded by other radishes or weeds.


The radish is essentially a cool-season crop.


It requires full to partial sun.


Ample water must be applied to the plant. Don't let the soil dry out during the growing season.


Radishes need consistent moisture. If the soil dries out during their growth, radishes will become bitter.


The plant does not require staking.


Apply additional fertilizer when the seeds are sown. Mix in organic matter like leaves or compost for an extra boost.

Pest and Problems:

Radishes are by nature relatively trouble free, and because they mature so quickly, diseases do not have a chance to gain a foothold. The two diseases which can affect them are Flea Beetles & Cabbage Root Fly.

Growth Habit:

Radishes grow quickly, most radish varieties mature in 25-35 days.


Most radishes take 25-35 days to mature. Harvest radishes by gently grasping the top and pulling the radish plant from the ground. Use a hand shovel to loosen soil of necessary.

Special Care:

Harvest radishes as soon as they are big enough to eat. Do not let them get too big, or the roots will get tough.

Medicinal Uses:

Click here to buy seeds for this plant.
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